Session 2 - Open Access for Development, Open Access
around the World
11 November 2008, Industrie-Club, Düsseldorf, Germany
Moderation: Subbiah Arunachalam (Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India)
This session will look at the current status of open access in developing countries and examine what holds them back from making progress faster. The past decade has witnessed a big change in the geography of science with several developing and middle-income countries, notably China and South Korea, accounting for a constantly increasing share of the world‘s published scientific literature. This is accompanied by a rapid growth in the ICT sector and improving bandwidth in most parts of the world, facilitating international collaboration and easy exchange of information. Developments in open access in Brazil, India and South Africa offer many differences and yet all the three face the common problem of trying to balance the conflicting goals of getting their research more visible and yet having to follow the international metrics based on impact factors of journals and number of citations. Unlike the better-known and well-established research institutions in the West (including funding agencies such as NIH and the Wellcome Trust), most institutions in the developing countries are not in a position to negotiate with dominant journal publishers from a position of strength. It is against this background the panelists will examine what could be done to advance open access in the developing countries. Will an S&T alliance of developing countries (such as Brazil, China, India and South Africa) make a difference? What role can the advanced countries and international organizations play?
Eve Gray (Eve Gray & Associates/Open Society Institute, South Africa), with Susan Murray (African Journals Online) presenting on behalf of Eve Gray